Caicheng, Xiujuan Ye* Antifungal Protein with Biocontrol Potential To Inhibit Fungal (Botrytis cinerea) Infection of Cherry Tomato[J] Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

  发布时间: 2019-06-11   信息员:   


A 11 kDa antifungal protein FEAP was purified from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) seed extract with a procedure involving (NH4)2SO4 precipitation and chromatography on SP-Sepharose, Affi-gel blue gel, Mono S, and Superdex peptide. Its N-terminal sequence was AQXGAQGGGAT, resembling those of buckwheat peptides Fα-AMP1 and Fα-AMP2. FEAP exhibited thermostability (20–100 °C) and acid resistance (pH 1–5). Its antifungal activity was retained in the presence of 10–150 mmol/L of K+, Mn2+, or Fe3+ ions, 10–50 mmol/L of Ca2+ or Mg2+ ions, and 50% methanol, 50% ethanol, 50% isopropanol, or 50% chloroform. Its half-maximal inhibitory concentrations toward spore germination and mycelial growth in Botrytis cinerea were 79.9 and 236.7 μg/mL, respectively. Its antifungal activity was superior to the fungicide cymoxanil mancozeb (248.1 μg/mL). FEAP prevented B. cinerea from infecting excised leaves, intact leaves, and isolated fruits of cherry tomato. Its mechanism involved induction of an increase in cell membrane permeability and a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential.

KEYWORDS: antifungal protein purification plant disease control fruit preservation mode of action


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